Category: Travel & Tours

CONFLICT ISLANDS CONSERVATION INITIATIVE (CICI) & THEIR TURTLE CONSERVATION PROGRAM

Based in the picturesque Conflict Islands, Papua New Guinea, the CICI has a Turtle Conservation Program which protects & monitors nesting turtles to ensure their future.

In 2019 I was fortunate enough to visit the Conflict Islands & see firsthand the work CICI was doing through this program. I have followed them since & here I hope to share with you their struggles their achievements & their dedication to protecting sea turtles.

A satellite photo of the Conflict Islands in the coral seas with a close up of the islands.

Pic: The location of the Conflict Islands. The main photo shows the Louisiade Archipelago & over to the left is the main town of Alotau, You would fly in here from Port Morseby which is further again over to the left out of frame. The insert is the Conflict Islands with the triangle shape island by the highlight as Panasesa Island, the location of The Conflict Island Resort & CICI.

The Conflict Islands is made up of 21 islands spread in an atoll formation. The main island of Panasesa is the base for CICI with a hatchery & nursery facility, with the other islands inhabited, varying in size, shape & spread in a wide area (the island of Aurora is 22 km away from Panasesa). The islands are used by nesting green & hawksbill turtles in the nesting season, generally from November through to January.

It is the transition from the sea onto the land which makes the female turtles the most vulnerable. Ranging in size up to 300kg, they are slow & cumbersome which makes them an easy target for poachers. The shell of the Hawksbill is highly sought after for fashion (jewellery is the most common), to make ornaments & for medical purposes, as well as the meat for consumption. Selling turtles has been illegal in PNG since 1966 but under this law, is the exception that harvested turtles can be traded for other goods as this is a traditional practice that continues today.

A turtle building her nest on the Conflict Islands to lay her eggs in.

Pic: A female turtle building her nest in preparation for her eggs. The CICI Rangers will keep an eye on her & tag the nest once she has finished laying her eggs & covered them.

Once the eggs are laid, they face challenges from predators (a species of monitor lizard has a particular taste for these eggs), along with crabs & the presence of a parasitic fly that lays eggs in the egg chamber. But perhaps the biggest challenge that faces the nesting turtle & the eggs combined is the erosion of their nesting areas due to climate change. The constant battering on the islands by the changing weather causes the constant erosion of the sand which in turn causes steep banks & topples trees. These obstacles make it hard for the turtle to reach a suitable nesting area. If a nesting area is too close to the sea or in a perilous sandbank it could mean the eggs don’t have time to incubate & fall into the ocean or its too far into the vegetation line where tree roots & harder sand make the nest too hard to dig which could mean the turtle gives up or the eggs are not deep enough.

A turtle nest exposed by erosion on the Conflict Islands, PNG.

Pic: An exposed turtle nest. The waves have caused the sand to be swept away as the location was too close to the high tide line. Unfortunately, the Rangers did find it until too late…

These threats of poaching & erosion led to the creation of CICI in 2017 & was established as a charitable trust, in 2018.

In the words of the led business owner Mr Ian Gowrie-Smith, the custodian of the Conflict Islands ” Doing nothing is simply no longer an option!”

Colourful soft corals on Beluga dive site, Conflict Islands, PNG. its this healthy & virbrant coral that has led to the naming of the Conflict Islands area as a Mission Blue Hope Spot.

Pic: A beautiful shot of vibrant, healthy & colourful corals at the Beluga Dive Site. It is this healthiness & diversity in the area which has led to the naming of the Conflict Islands as a Mission Blue Hope Spot.

The Goals & Achievements of the Conflict Islands Conservation Initiative (CICI)

The CICI is working to understand & map the biodiversity of the Conflict Islands for consideration as a marine managed area. Legislated conservation protection is still limited in Papua New Guinea and the Conflict Islands remains relatively unprotected.

Working closely with local communities to provide education, training & to improve the conservation of marine ecosystems and associated species. This has led to amazing results.

In 2020 the Conflict Islands was named as a “Hope Spot”. This is an acknowledgement from Mission Blue an organisation that ignites support for marine conservation based travel areas. “Hope Spots are special places that are scientifically identified as critical to the health of the ocean.”

A feeding turtle in the clear waters off the Conflict Islands, PNG. Check out that beautiful healthy & colourful coral!

Pic: A feeding turtle amongst healthy corals.

I have travelled & dived in different areas around the world & I have never seen such healthy full coral cover. Very limited disease, no beaching & no destruction, you could almost say 95% coral coverage. It’s a very worthwhile accolade & working towards a Local Managed Marine Area (LMMA) is necessary to protect it for the future.

The Turtle Conservation Program began back in 2016 & is growing in terms of data collection & the employment of more local Rangers. Also running is their plastic & marine debris programs, & they are currently developing programs around Sharks, Rays, the Coral Reef & Fish Health & Resilience. These programs are all intertwined which will lead to extended local marine environment protection & the ultimate goal of a national marine park or Locally Managed Marine Area (LMMA).

The location of the tag clip used to track the turtles who lay eggs on the Conflict Islands. This is done in a non-invasive way & if there is any stress she will not be tagged.

Pic: A tagged turtle showing the location of the tag. The turtle is tagged taking the utmost care, if the turtle shows any sign of stress the turtle will not be tagged. 

The Turtle Conservation Program

CICI’s Turtle Conservation Program aims to monitor marine turtle populations at the Conflict Islands Atoll via a long-term tagging program. The tag is located on the trailing edge of her front left or right flipper. The information recorded includes Species, Facial identification Photo, Date/ Time of laying, Island, GPS location of the nest, description of Nest Habitat, Number of eggs laid (if possible), (Nest Attempts, Reason for Nest fail, Nest Relocation if applicable).

Beach patrols occur at night when the females are laying which allows for the tagging of green & hawksbill turtles, taking genetic samples where necessary & other necessary data collection. These patrols also protect the turtles & their eggs from poaching, enables education & awareness to be conducted when poachers are intersected.

The Conflict Islands Conservation Initiatives' turtle hatchery & rehabilitation tanks, on the main island of Panasesa, the Conflict Islands, PNG.

Pic: The Conflict Islands Conservation Initatives’ hatchery. These are the tanks to care for any injured or sick turtles that need help or rehabilitation. Once recovered they will be realised back into the open ocean. You can just make out baby turtles swimming around.

The program conducts emergence & hatchling success studies by collecting laid eggs & relocating them to the Conflict Islands Turtle Hatchery if located in a hazardous area or vulnerable to threats. (Nests vary between 30 cm to 60 cm deep for the different species). The relocated nests are incubated & temperature regulated, whilst awaiting their emergence. During the hatching period, any hatchlings that were observed to be weak, deformed or otherwise unfit for immediate release, were temporally held in the nursery until they could be released safely & successfully.

A turtle has come on to the beach and is now heading back out to sea after laying her eggs, all under the watchful eye of the CICI Rangers.

Pic: A turtle returns to the sea. She has been measured and photographed as part of the CICI’s database.

Through this study, they will be able to create a baseline dataset of nesting & foraging populations around the Conflict Island Atoll that will inform the population’s trajectory (stable, increasing or decreasing), connectivity to other nations, & will help assess the effectiveness of the CICI program & the surrounding communities ongoing conservation efforts.

How COVID has affected The Turtle Conservation Program

The program was built around a voluntourism model that relied upon income from overseas volunteers, supplemented by the island’s owner Mr Ian Gowrie-Smith to fund the conservation work. As the COVID-19 pandemic unfolded the impact with border restrictions & lockdowns were looking significant. With the loss of funding from international volunteers & the travel restrictions, the islands were facing months of unprotected & unmonitored poaching of nesting turtles, their eggs, & the possible unemployment of the dedicated team of rangers who have for over 4 years had worked so tirelessly protecting them.

It was this adversity that showed such dedication & love for these turtles, as The Conservation Ranger Team was unwavering & were willing to come back for the season to protect the turtles even without pay. Luckily enough funds to cover some of the costs were raised with thanks to major sponsors for the season – Sea Shepherd & P&O, along with individual, in-country sponsorships & grants & allowed the 20/21 season to run which showed fantastic results. (You can make a difference for the coming 2021 season details below).

Group photo of the Conflict Islands Conservation Initiative Turtle Rangers from 2020. All are locals who care for the nesting turtles & their environment.

Pic: The CICI 2020 Rangers: Back row left to right – Jayjay Evennett, Charles Ebilon, Dominic Moses, Steven Amos, Tonny Joe. Front row left to right – Henry John, Koyo Inia, Patrick Lemeki , Toby Loasne.

2020/21 Season results

The Rangers tagged 119 turtles, relocated 132 clutches & released 13,672 hatchlings to the wild. (The number of eggs laid in each clutch range from as low as 50 to as high as 220 eggs).

CICI successfully released 321 post-hatchlings after effectively rehabilitating them in the nursey.

The hatching & emergence success rates of their relocated clutches produced an average hatching & emergence success rate of 93% which in comparison to the success rates of other rookeries around the world was very promising.

An interesting result was data collection on a hawksbill turtle that had been tagged in Australia’s Coombe Reef in the Howick Group, in 2017, reinforcing the interconnectedness of our oceans & turtle population that is shared with Australia & possibly other nations.

Another positive result was a significant reduction of the incidences of poaching of turtles & eggs from the islands. This was the first season that the presence of armed security guards from Black Swan contractors accompanied the Conservation rangers on their nightly patrols. Having the outside help allowed an open dialogue, created awareness & education, allowed the word to spread that this was a serious conservation effort that was being enforced. This meant zero incidences from December 2020 until the end of the season in February 2021.

Report here

Baby turtles making their way to sea on the Conflict Islands, PNG, under the watchful eye of the CICI Rangers

What can you do to help?

Despite the success, the CICI & its Rangers are faced with several limitations. The number of rangers, overall funding & the preparation of nesting areas in the months preceding the season (log removal etc.), needs to increase which will all lead to the better protection of a fragile marine environment.

Create awareness by sharing their story on social media InstagramFacebook & if you can, make a donation today ( linked directly to CICI below) to ensure the Rangers are funded for the coming 2021/ 22 season!

Produce That Airport Move Significantly More Smooth Than Thought Possible

Effectively, who would want to have a sloppy journey with a lot of setbacks and manifestations anyhow? And to be able to promise a satisfying journey, one must take options from the start as to how to visit from the airport to the collection destinations. With this specific, airport transfer would be recommended.6. VIP AIRPORT TRANSFERS - Kos Transfers

Airport transfers are really among the easy means of moving from the airport to your location and vice versa. It is actually a cozy and useful way of carrying while on a trip. You can have a taxi or even a minicab to create you from the airport to your ideal destination. These vehicles should be pre-booked of prepared when you arrived at the airport of one’s picked destination. Today, to know more about how precisely that operates given are the advantages of airport moves:

Since airport moves were organized beforehand, travelers could be secured that there will be an readily available transportation waiting at the airport to bring you to your desired place. This can enable you to save time since you will no longer need to look and wait for a possible riding vehicle. It is likewise an advantage particularly when planing a trip to places whereby you are not so knowledgeable about the language used, hence rendering it hard for you really to communicate for probable transport.

When going to areas which are new for your requirements, having an airport move might avoid you from being mislaid removed from achieving the incorrect destination. The reason being the company providers of airport moves have been currently familiar to probably all most beautiful areas in the place that you would wish to visit. This can promise you to sense at ease while traveling when you are certain that you will take the proper destination luchthavenvervoer Charleroi.

Airport moves will even permit you to save yourself some funds because the majority of the time the costs are likely contained in the rate of travel. But if maybe not included, you can even somehow cut costs because of the discount and low prices which are now being provided whenever you guide before your trip. This can also eliminate the chance of having an expensive transport.

You will not need to bother about whether you is going to be late for another journey or destination or when to get back to the airport for airport move includes giving you off and finding you up only in time. With this specific, you may be free from fear promptly and will not have to check out your watch for like every minute. With the rationale explained, it is truly intelligent to have an airport move, sometimes through tax or minicab, when going on a trip. Isn’t it great that there will previously be a transfer pleasing you at the airport?

Many people are attracted to the discounted rates of air vacation lately. Suddenly, locations that might never before be looked at as a vacation spot have now become attainable. This is actually the time to deal up those offers in the event that you can. Most people pre book airport move the same time frame they book their airline flight. Some will have to lease a car. Others leave a vehicle at the airport parking and make agreements from the airport when achieving their destination.

Some airports provide a service and don’t demand an additional payment for these arrangements. Through them you are able to offer immediately with a limousine company and determine the very best price possible. By using an airport move support, you will not need certainly to be concerned about standing in line to catch a cab cab, finding missing or being overcharged. It will be cheaper and make your trip less stressful.

 

Places You Must See When Traveling to Japan

Meiji Jingu is a Shinto shrine developed for Emperor Meiji and his consort. First finished in 1921, it had been bombed by the U.S. during WWII but rebuilt in 1958.Japanese Nightlife Etiquette | Beginner's Guide - YouTube

Shinjuku area is within Tokyo, Nightlife in Japan capital. A largely populated area, Shinjuku offers tourists some of the best areas to shop, eat, combine with the people and consume Japanese-style nightlife. Shinjuku can be home to Ginza, the substantial shopping area wherever a few of the greatest global names (think Versace, Gucci and Fendi, among others) in the style earth hold shop.

Whenever you travel to that region, don’t overlook to decline with a Mikimoto shop. Mikimoto cultured pearls are distinguished around the world for their ethereal beauty and craftsmanship. To have the previous amongst the contemporary, visit Asakusa, also in Tokyo. This is where in actuality the 7th century Senso-ji Brow could be found. Other than gifts, this previous neighborhood is also the best place to trial Japanese cuisine, because numerous eateries can be found here.

Asakusa has a instead known past — it was once the place where persons got for entertainment. Kabuki plays were staged in your community and it absolutely was also one of many principal red gentle districts of the Edo era. Kyoto is where a few of Japan’s best-known shrines, temples and mansions are found. Additionally it features a large social and famous importance because it was Japan’s money until 1868. Numerous areas here have now been preserved incredibly properly and have been acknowledged as UNESCO World History sites. Any tourist who needs to experience feudal Japan will find this city an amazing experience.

Osaka is certainly one of the main places in Japan , considered as a major industrial, economic and commercial center. Tourists in Tokyo may happen to be Osaka in just 2½ hours by topic train. The famous Osaka Fortress can be found here, found within Osakajo Park. It is really a enchanting representative of Japanese architecture, making it a well known tourist spot.

Nara is near Osaka. It was Japan’s capital for 74 years beginning in 710. A must-see tourist spot listed here is Nara Park, where you will find the 16.2m statue of the Buddha. There’s also numerous temples in your community, including these in Todai-ji and Kasuga. Osaka is a key manufacturer of India ink, toys and fans.

North of Tokyo is Nikko, a spot that Western and international tourists happen to be for pilgrimage. Nikko National Park is the place to be. This is wherever you’ll find the Toshogu shrine, within that your mausoleum of the first shogun of the Tokugawa age was built. The structure in this region is gorgeous and a view of the park is an event no traveler to Japan must miss.

Ueno Park is a huge area close to the Asakusa section that caters to equally tourists and locals alike. The National Museum, Memorial for European Art, Normal Technology Museum, Tokyo Urban Fine Art Gallery and the 1st zoological yard in Japan is found here. There’s also an enjoyment park that is a favorite among young children that costs merely a dollar. The best time to go to Ueno is in spring, when Japan’s popular cherry bloom trees are in their many beautiful.

Situated only 28 miles of Tokyo, Kamakura is largely a residential area and seaside resort. This can be a really fascinating must-see tourist place due to its most popular landmark, the bronze statue of the Good Buddha (called Daibutsu), that will be 12.8m tall. Additionally, there are many crucial museums here, certainly one of which can be the Kamakura Memorial of Contemporary Art.

Delicious Restaurants in Tokyo, Japan

Other than the cosmopolitan living on the city, you can see the symbol of Tokyo’s skyline, Tokyo Tower. Whenever you achieve the very best of the tower, a extremely remarkable view from both historic mountains of Japan is waiting to be found out. Up visiting this can be Higashi Gyoen Backyard in Imperial Palace.Titillating Nights at Tantra Tokyo | Clubs | Metropolis Japan

The lawn is actually designed in a thoughtful manner. A few historical structures and artwork pieces are shown right here for showcase. For that youngsters, they’ve the Tokyo Disney Resort with two large amusement parks and many getting places to purchase numerous gifts for remembrance. What’s preventing you from visiting Tokyo ? It’s been a very good place to invest the break utilizing the whole household. With each journey within the city, you might never neglect your journey in every location you check always out.

If there is one city in Asia that comfortably straddles the rich record and tradition of the location and also their indelible role in shaping the future of society, it would need to be Tokyo , Japan. Tokyo is just a city that’s really comfortable in a unique special skin. It adheres to their lifestyle zealously but isn’t afraid to embrace the improvements which can be occurring within the international community.

To be able to knowledge Tokyo culture, you should visit the various sights that help establish the city. You can find several landmarks and destinations that a individual could visit that – taken together – provide a mosaic of what Tokyo is before, provide and the future. If you are actually in Tantra Tokyo, these are five sights that ought to be on your own must-visit list.

Tokyo is now synonymous with leading edge technology. If you want to see what the electronics industry has to offer with regards to the newest devices and electronic gear in the market nowadays, then you should vacation to the Akihabara district. From large title shops to small stalls, sellers will offer you all kinds of devices and intriguing gadgets. The best thing about Akihabara is you get to see engineering therefore new that you’ll probably only notice it in the conventional community a few years down the line. It’s like buying in the future.

The Gokoku-ji or Gokoku Temple is recognized as a significant social property in Japan. The Gokoku Temple is one of the last surviving Edo temples in the united states and days back to 1680 when it absolutely was built by the fifth Tokugawa shogun for his mother. This location provides calming visit because it’s generally perhaps not packed by tourists.

A trip to Tokyo will never be complete with out a visit of the Imperial Palace – the state and lasting home of the Japanese elegant family. The Imperial Palace, or Kyokyo, was completed in 1968. It is a newer reconstruction of the Meiji Imperial Palace which was damaged in Earth War II. Also though the Palace itself is fairly new, the causes which it is built on is steeped in history. The site was where in fact the Edo Fortress once stood. Edo fortress was when considered to be the biggest fort in the world.

The Imperial Palace is actually shut to the public for a lot of the year. It is just start on two days — the January 2, the New Springs Vacation and the Emperor’s birthday on December 23. Even though you do not get to see on these two days, you can still go round the outskirts of the palace and look at the amazing gardens based beside it. From the gardens, you can get a great see of the popular double-barrelled link, one of many popular landmarks of the castle.

Gown Up for the Party Club

Are you currently rather a new comer to the party club world? If so, it is actually a touch intimidating for you personally the first few times. However, if you’ll need a large amount of excitement and fun, the dance groups are positively the spot to be. If you want to make sure you have a lot of fun, here certainly are a several methods that can help out beginners to the club scene. The first thing you need to do to guarantee you may have a good time at the party clubs is always to be sure you curl up and simply enjoy yourself. There is no want to get worried about clubbing. A team is noisy and there are lots of men and women. There’s liquor, dancing, and a lot of fun. Flake out and allow your self to truly have a good time.Show Club Kagura Tokyo - Nightlife - Japan Travel

To be sure you have a wonderful time, make sure you decorate for the club. The guidelines for dress are a touch different at clubs. You need to look attractive and elegant, and there are many of membership gowns that will help you look incredible. If you don’t dress the portion, you possibly will not also get in. There aren’t any work clothing here. Seek out some wonderful clubwear when you head out for the team and you’ll be great.

Positive, your perspective is going to be important as well. For you really to have a great time, you have to have an perspective that stands up. Only standing in a corner and being shy isn’t going to permit you to truly have a good time. Have some fun laughing, behave interesting, and show a great personality. You really need to get into the world in the party club if you want to have amazing night. Do not merely stay at a dining table the whole Japan nightlife. Talk to different people. Go for it and dance. The more you receive into it, the greater time you’ll have. Since you’re planning to a dancing team, it’s a great idea to learn to dance. It’s perhaps not required to become a professional here, but understanding some traditional movements may help. By doing this you’ll feel significantly more comfortable whenever you get out on the dance ground for a morning of nightclub dancing.

It is actually fun to get out and reduce free in a dance club. Nonetheless, you need to get ready yourself for celebration time. You wouldn’t want to be rejected at a club, and you certainly must be prepared to impress after you do get in. Remember these important tips before you hit the clubs. Probably the most important tip to bear in mind before reaching the club is always to gown correctly. There are lots of women who do not also enter the membership simply because they are wearing the incorrect outfit or simply a bad shoes. That is particularly correct at trendy dance clubs. Once the team has a dress code, discover what it’s and follow it. With all the extraordinary clubwear that is available, there’s number reason for not looking your best.

You definitely have to have a bath before striking the dance clubs. You’ve to smell good as soon as you arrive, and you’ll begin perspiration on the dance floor, ergo a shower beforehand isn’t optional. This gets me to a related tip. You have to have plenty of deodorant on. It really is no fun to end up sensing somebody’s armpits once you are already seeking to have a great time dancing. Your mouth needs to be new constantly, specially since you will end up therefore close to therefore several people. It’s a smart strategy to take along some breath mints or some strips. They are also made of convenient if you find a guy you desire to kiss. This way you’re positive your breath smells great all night long.