When we consider of mushrooms and the southern Mexico state of Oaxaca, the first point which traditionally comes to mind is María Sabina, Huautla de Jiménez and hallucinogenic “magic” mushrooms. But gradually that is all altering as a result of the groundbreaking operate of Josefina Jiménez and Johann Mathieu in mycology, by way of their enterprise, Mico-lógica.
Primarily based in the village of Benito Juárez, positioned in Oaxaca’s Ixtlán district (much more generally known as the Sierra Norte, the state’s major ecotourism area), Mico-lógica’s mission is threefold: to train each Mexicans and visitors to the nation in the low-cost cultivation of a wide variety of mushroom species to educate about the medicinal, nutritional and environmental (sustainable) worth of mushrooms and to conduct ongoing investigation concerning optimum climatic regions and the diversity of substrata for mushroom culture.
The French-born Mathieu moved to Mexico, and in truth to Huautla de Jiménez, in 2005. “Yes, coming all the way to Mexico from France to pursue my interest in mushrooms seems like a extended way to travel,” Mathieu explained in a current interview in Oaxaca. “But there really wasn’t much of an opportunity to conduct studies and grow a small business in Western Europe,” he continues, “because reverence for mushrooms had been all but completely eradicated by The Church over the course of centuries and I learned that Mexico nevertheless maintains a respect and appreciation for the medicinal and nutritional worth of hongos. Mexico is far from mycophobic.”
Huautla de Jiménez is extra than a 5 hour drive from the closest metropolitan center. Accordingly, Mathieu ultimately realized that staying in Huautla, when holding an historic allure and becoming in a geographic area conducive to functioning with mushrooms, would hinder his efforts to develop a business and cultivate widespread interest in studying about fungi. Mathieu became cognizant of the burgeoning reputation of Oaxaca’s ecotourism communities of the Sierra Norte, and certainly the Feria Regional de Hongos Silvestres (regional wild mushroom festival), held annually in Cuahimoloyas.
Mathieu met Josefina Jiménez at the summertime weekend mushroom occasion. Jiménez had moved to Oaxaca from hometown Mexico City in 2002. The two shared related interests Jiménez had studied agronomy, and for close to a decade had been functioning with sustainable agriculture projects in rural farming communities in the Huasteca Potosina area of San Luis Potosí, the mountains of Guerrero and the coast of Chiapas. psychedelic mushroom chocolate bars for sale and Jiménez became business enterprise, and then life partners in Benito Juárez.
Mathieu and Jiménez are concentrating on 3 mushroom species in their hands-on seminars oyster (seta), shitake and reishi. Their one particular-day workshops are for oyster mushrooms, and two-day clinics for the latter two species of fungus. “With reishi, and to a lesser extent shitake, we’re also teaching a fair bit about the medicinal makes use of of mushrooms, so a lot more time is necessary,” says Mathieu, “and with oyster mushrooms it is predominantly [but not exclusively] a course on cultivation.”
Whilst education seminars are now only offered in Benito Juárez, Mathieu and Jiménez strategy to expand operations to consist of each the central valleys and coastal regions of Oaxaca. The object is to have a network of producers increasing distinct mushrooms which are optimally suited for cultivation primarily based on the distinct microclimate. There are about 70 sub-species of oyster mushrooms, and hence as a species, the adaptability of the oyster mushroom to distinctive climatic regions is remarkable. “The oyster can be grown in a multitude of diverse substrata, and that is what we’re experimenting with proper now,” he elucidates. The oyster mushroom can thrive when grown on goods which would otherwise be waste, such as discard from cultivating beans, sugar cane, agave (which includes the fibrous waste created in mezcal distillation), peas, the prevalent river reed identified as carriso, sawdust, and the list goes on. Agricultural waste which may well otherwise be left to rot or be burned, every single with adverse environmental implications, can form substrata for mushroom cultivation. It need to be noted, although trite, that mushroom cultivation is a extremely sustainable, green sector. Over the past many years Mexico has in reality been at the fore in many regions of sustainable sector.
Mathieu exemplifies how mushrooms can serve an arguably even higher environmental very good:
“They can hold up to thirty thousand times their mass, possessing implications for inhibiting erosion. They’ve been used to clean up oil spills by means of absorption and as a result are an critical car for habitat restoration. Analysis has been completed with mushrooms in the battle against carpenter ant destruction it is been suggested that the use of fungi has the potential to totally revamp the pesticide business in an environmentally friendly way. There are literally hundreds of other eco-friendly applications for mushroom use, and in each and every case the mushroom remains an edible by-solution. Take a appear at the Paul Stamets YouTube lecture, six Methods Mushrooms Can Save The World.”
Mathieu and Jiménez can often be located selling their goods on weekends in the organic markets in Oaxaca. They are both extra than pleased to talk about the nutritional value of their merchandise which range from naturally their fresh mushrooms, but also as preserves, marinated with either chipotle and nopal or jalapeño and cauliflower. The mushroom’s vitamin B12 cannot be located in fruits or vegetables, and accordingly a diet which consists of fungi is very crucial for vegetarians who cannot get B12, most often contained in meats. Mushrooms can easily be a substitute for meats, with the benefit that they are not loaded with antibiotics and hormones often located in industrially processed meat solutions.